Monday, 3 July 2017

Video Marketing - Reach New Prospects, Construct Your List, And Generate Massive Traffic With Videos

Beginnings will always be the hardest. Indeed, newspaper advertising is not yet dead. Internet marketing will be the act of promoting products and services over the internet. YouTube may be the largest video community ranked because the 3rd most visited website inside the world by Alexa.

Video marketing advantages. Private label rights give you the privilege to make use of someone's product. Task management is supplied with social network communication. Link shrinkers are wonderful tools to downsize your links. After some research, we've provided 7 http://www.careerbuilder.com/jobs-marketing sound advice which will surely help you out on YOUR journey:.



Train Just Like You Mean It. In order to complete so KFC could equip its restaurants with nicer furniture. Visit the doma in home page.

It is possible for businesses to exist online without a website, for example with directory listings just like The Yellow Pages, but for your most part digital marketing is built around the promotion of the company website. The decision to make use of Internet marketing as part of the company's overall online marketing strategy is strictly up for the company of course, but as a rule, Internet marketing is becoming an increasingly important a part of nearly every company's marketing mix. There are videos that receive a large amount of traffic on i7 group presentation a normal basis. It's best never to answer that question, the rhetoric would take too long.



It is considered that in future, most men and women purchase anything from their social network profiles. She holds a PHD i7 group espaol written from Cambridge. Act now and discover how average individuals are achieving extraordinary results online by cashing in about the DIGITAL gold rush!.

Saturday, 1 July 2017

Use Video Marketing For Further Traffic

To grow globally is the dream of each businessman. You will have to tap all the online networking sites and advertising mediums for it. The audiences that marketers seek, along with the media and methods for reaching them, have become increasingly segmented.



The cure is at training. Trust us, if you can, and know that nothing is difficult with optimziing or marketing your videos. Aspects of your organization that you may have overlooked maybe identified by somebody else and can be excellent subjects for videos.



So let me ask you this. Everyone generally seems to think that the only approach to market a video is always to stick it on video-sharing websites like YouTube. Your online marketing strategy needs to be the section of your general strategy that focuses on your own target marketing and the way you'll attract and retain existing and prospective customers. Few people know how i7 group plan de compensacion to use video blog marketing to sell products or services.

By: Samwise Kalelmden. If people can not trust in then you definitely any efforts you add into social networking for business is likely to be wasted. Also, when updating your profile status messages, don't be afraid to let your fans learn about your downfalls too. Opt to get a solution that's user-friendly and comes using a free trial offer offer.< br>
Distribution StrategiesDistribution strategies embraced by a business either can give https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marketing them an edge in market or cause them to become lag behind the winners in the market. The more efficient the item distribution is the more sales and so more profits. The more efficient the item distribution will be the more sales and thus more profits. Gone are the days once you needed to purchase costly film cameras and software and learn all of the intricacies of video editing. Running time: 104 seconds.

Article Directory: http://www. marketingtitan. He has been within the print promotional field for 8 years and obtained a Bachelors Degree in English/Journalism from Western Illinois University in 2000. When creating video clips to market services and products online make sure to not make sure they are overly promotional, put the URL in the video and description i7 group plan de compensacion field, and also provide your viewers reasons to go to your site.

Monday, 26 June 2017

Good Thing About Landscaping

Landscapes are made up of the physical features of the land such as hill, mountains, rivers, grassland etc. They also include other physical aspects such as vegetation and other flora and fauna. Besides this natural aspect the other man made aspects are also include in the landscape. It mostly includes building and other architecture which mostly are made to enhance the beauty of this landscape. This is because landscape is one of the favorite tourist attractions. But the tourist come if only you provide maintenance to these landscapes otherwise this landscape will be ruined. Our land has different types of landscape which include ice caps, grasslands, forest and other landscapes.

The word landscape was used in fifth century as believe. It basically refers to the human made spaces between the land and hills. The most important thing is to identify these landscapes and to build landscape over there. Mostly these landscapes are found in the tribal areas and valley which mostly depends on the feudal lords and this landscape are the assets for the state because these landscape. But later on it changed to the scenery Sprinkler System which was introduced by Dutch painter. Basically it was a simple place but later on it has acquires an artistic meaning and mostly looks at it artistically.These landscapes are further divided into further types in which first types are the cultural landscape. These landscapes are defined by the world cultural heritage that defines them as the curtail heritage in which they gained a lot of importance. These landscapes are not only important to the own place but also internationally because it has gained a lot of importance. These landscapes were adopted from the further category which ranges from



those landscapes most deliberately 'shaped' by people, through full range of 'combined' works, those least evidently 'shaped' by people (yet highly valued)The concept of cultural landscape is the originated form the Europe Sprinkler System Fort Worth where there a lot of landscape from the old times and this landscape are very famous these days and they have gained a lot of importance. Now http://www.thelawn.co.uk/ days besides of recreation, these landscapes have gained importance have gained importance in the field of painting. Many of the expensive painting are of this landscape which is sold out very quickly in the market. As th ese landscapes were viewed as artistically so they merely become a piece of an Art.

This term cultural term was first used by Otto Schulte and his academic definition on the cultural term is given as follow."The cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group. Culture is the agent, the natural are the medium, the cultural landscape is the result"His idea for the definition gave a rise and promotion to the cultural heritage and after that these were considered as the separate landscapes. And after that many universities started diplomas in cultural landscape and these landscape gained importance. It includes all the concepts and belief which make it even more artistic.



http://www.selfgrowth.com/print/3948496

Friday, 23 June 2017

Food Lion to Remodel Stores in Greater Charlotte, N.C., Market in 2016; Invests $1.5 Million in Second Harvest Food Bank Warehouse Expansion

SALISBURY, N.C.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Consistent with the grocer's "Easy, Fresh and Affordable... You Can

Count on Food Lion Every Day!" strategy, Food Lion has announced the

company will remodel 142 stores in the greater Charlotte, N.C., market

in 2016. In an effort to make shopping easier and more affordable for

its customers, the company will make a $215 million investment in its

stores. This includes remodeling the stores, additional price

investments throughout the year and investments in associates and the

community through its Food Lion Feeds initiatives. A complete list of

greater Charlotte-area stores is available at www.foodlion.com/newsroom.

"We're proud to have been a part of the greater Charlotte community

since 1957, and are excited to bring our newest format to our hometown

market," said Food Lion President Meg Ham. "As we near our 60th

anniversary in this market, we look forward to making significant

investments in our stores, our customers, our associates and our

communities to offer a new grocery shopping experience. We want to

ensure our customers can easily find fresh, quality products to nourish

their families at affordable prices every day, delivered with caring,

friendly service every time they shop."



Store Investments

Since Food Lion launched its "Easy, Fresh and Affordable. You Home Improvement College Station Can Count

on Food Lion Every Day!" strate gy in May 2014, the grocer has brought

enhancements to http://www.bhg.com/home-improvement/remodeling/ its Charlotte stores including product expansion, new

registers, price investments and enhanced service. When the remodels are

complete, customers will be able to take Home Improvement College Station advantage of key benefits,

which include:



Fresh, new stores designed to be easier to navigate and shop so

customers can get in and out of the store quickly.

Expanded variety and assortment that is relevant to our customers in

each store, such as more local products, natural and organic

selections and healthier snack options.

These remodels are expected to be completed in stores on a rolling basis

between May and Octobe r 2016. Food Lion will continue to launch

enhancements across all of its nearly 1,100 stores in 2016, as well as

remodel additional markets over time. Charlotte is the fourth area to be

remodeled. The company remodeled 162 stores in the greater Raleigh,

N.C., area in 2015, along with 76 stores in the greater Wilmington,

N.C., and Greenville, N.C., markets in 2014.

Investment in the Charlotte Community

Food Lion's investment is also extended to the local community. The

grocer has committed $1.5 million to the Second Harvest Food Bank of

Metrolina's warehouse expansion. Through this new facility, Second

Harvest will provide the food bank with new capacity to broaden its

already robust work to end hunger in the 16-county region it supports in

the greater Charlotte area. The expansion will also offer access to

healthier, fresher food so those in need can nourish their families and
< br>meet basic needs to help them get back on their feet.

"As we announce a significant commitment to remodel our 142 stores to

better serve our customers, we are proud to be able to also help Second

Harvest better serve the Charlotte community," said Meg Ham, president

of Food Lion. "Through the new Food Lion Feeds center, we are making a

significant and long-term commitment to helping the food bank expand its

capabilities to offer fresher, healthier food to those in our community

who are struggling with hunger."

"Second Harvest and Food Lion have served the Charlotte community

together for more than 25 years, and I'm thrilled our strong partnership

will continue through the opening of the Food Lion Feeds Center, said

Kay Carter, chief executive officer of Second Harvest Food Bank of

Metrolina. "Food Lion's associates are truly dedicated to making sure

those who are hungry don't hav e to make tough choices, whether it's

providing a fresh, healthy meal on the table or groceries in the pantry."

Serving 10 million customers each week at nearly 1,100 locations in 10

states, Food Lion was founded in 1957 and still calls Salisbury, N.C.,

its hometown. Through Food Lion Feeds, the company will donate 500

million meals to individuals and families in need by the end of 2020.

Click here for the full store list: www.foodlion.com/charlottestores

About Food Lion

Food Lion, based in Salisbury, N.C., since 1957, has nearly 1,100 stores

in 10 Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic states and employs more than 65,000

associates. By leveraging its longstanding heritage of low prices and

convenient locations, Food Lion is working to own the easiest full shop

grocery experience in the Southeast, anchored by a strong commitment to

affordability, freshness and the communities it serves. Throug h Food

Lion Feeds, the company has committed to provide 500 million meals to

individuals and families in need by the end of 2020. Food Lion is a

company of Delhaize America, the U.S. division of Brussels-based

Delhaize Group (NYSE: DEG). For more information, visit www.foodlion.com.

http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160309006035/en/Food-Lion-Remodel-Stores-Greater-Charlotte-N.C.

Ideas For Your Meditation Garden

A meditation garden, sometimes called a contemplation garden, is a fairly new concept. Of course gardens and meditation has been around for centuries, but the combination of the two as a specific serene spot you can create yourself is more of a modern concept.

This type of garden shouldn't be confused with a Zen garden that you would find at a temple. Many of the temple gardens in Kyoto for example are meant to be observed from a particular angle. There are also strolling gardens that allow you get a little closer to nature, however these are different concepts than creating your own space at home. A dry rock garden for example is minimalist by design and it encourages the observer to use their imagination when it comes to a portrayed landscape of mountains, rivers, and temples.

This is definitely one route to go when designing your own meditation garden, as long as your incorporate a comfortable sitting space as well. Two great feature of a dry rock garden are:

1) They are low maintenance. The lack of many flowers etc. allows you to spend less time with upkeep.

2) In an area like Buffalo and Grand Island, where we have pretty severe winters, the garden still maintains a unique form even when covered in snow. Using various size large rocks creates a wonderful effect in winter.

The initial start-up costs for the dry rock garden may be higher due to the prices of small boulders, but yearly maintenance and upkeep fees are minimal at best.

Others may wish to go a different route and create something that directly touches all of the senses. A good Japanese garden is one that has incorporated something for all four seasons into it. That way the garden is always alive and seen from a different perspective. You want to create a meditation garden that you are comfortable and intrigued in all throughout the seasons.

Western gardens also tend to use a lot of plants and flowers so this may look more natural given your housin g situation. The Japanese garden is often restricted by boundaries that create a feeling of it being a sacred space. The idea of a sacred space is what we are aiming for when thinking of a meditational garden. Even in a larger more open yard, for example, you can start with something in a corner and think of it as a separate but connected room. When you enter this room you want to be surrounded by things that lend themselves to calmness and serenity.

A Sanctuary for the Senses

Flowers create a scent memory that can draw you back to the garden from time to time. A bench or area on the grass supplies the sense of touch and gives you the comfort and stability to meditate in the garden. Visually you want something intriguing or mysterious, but not too distracting. Remember, CLARITY is the goal of a meditation garden, not a color smorgasbord to impress the neighbors walking by.

A water feature is also a great relaxing stimulus for the https://ambler.temple.edu/tags/community-gardens ears. Watching a small stream of water can have a great calming effect, but because we have so many memories and images of flowing water, the mere sound of it trickling can also be a refreshing stimulus. The more you can stimulate all of the senses the more connected to nature you are likely to feel.



The Sanctuary Gate

You want to create a place that you can call your sanctuary. A place you are comfortable and protected in. For me, shaded spots seem to have a more encl osed feeling, and can also be a nice retreat from the direct summer sun.

A path or entranceway is also something to consider as a starting point of the meditation garden. The Japanese Roji, or pathways up to the teahouses, are great examples of a space dedicated to calming and preparing you to enter a world different from the one you just left. Sometimes they can be quite narrow at the beginning of the path and I like to think that this was intentionally designed as the place to leave your problems at the door. An actual entranceway such as a Japanese style gate or a pergola with hanging wisteria for example can also be a great way of distinguishing the different areas.

This site about Japanese gardens (http://www.grand-island-serene-gardens.com/japanese-gardens.html) is recommended for more detailed information and interesting videos with accompanying ambient music. Whether Sprinkler System Flower Mound you are aiming for a Sprinkler System Installation Flower Mound meditational garden where you can sit quietly or do yoga or tai chi, it should be a place you are comfortable in and you can focus on the nature around you.



Author's Bio:

Joshua M. Smith, PhD., is the owner of Grand Island Serene Gardens (http://www.grand-island-serene-gardens.com), a website dedicated to both traditional and contemporary Japanese culture and art. He received his Phd in Japan at Osaka University and researches various areas of Japanese culture, such as Japanese music, Japanese gardens, and spirituality.

http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/ideas-for-your-meditation-garden

Monday, 19 June 2017

Artificial intelligence and the coming health revolution

Artificial intelligence and the coming health revolution

Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technologyArtificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology

Your next doctor could very well be a bot. And bots, or automated programs, are likely to play a key role in finding cures for some of the most difficult-to-treat diseases and conditions.

Artificial intelligence is rapidly moving into health care, led by some of the biggest technology companies and emerging startups using it to diagnose and respond to a raft of conditions.

Consider these examples:

-- California researchers detected cardiac arrhythmia with 97 percent accuracy on wearers of an Apple Watch with the AI-based Cariogram application, opening up early treatment o ptions to avert strokes.

-- Scientists from Harvard and the University of Vermont Sprinkler System developed a machine learning tool--a type of AI that enables computers to learn without being explicitly programmed--to better identify depression by studying Instagram posts, suggesting "new avenues for early screening and detection of mental illness."

-- Researchers from Britain's University of Nottingham created an algorithm that predicted heart attacks better than doctors using conventional guidelines.

While technology has always played a role in medical care, a wave of investment from Silicon Valley and a flood of data from connected devices appear to be spurring innovation.

"I think a tipping point was when Apple released its Research Kit," said Forrester Research analyst Kate McCarthy, referring to a program letting Apple users enable data from their daily activities to be used in medical studi es.

McCarthy said advances in artificial intelligence has opened up new possibilities for "personalized medicine" adapted to individual genetics.

"We now have an environment where people can weave through clinical research at a speed you could never do before," she said.

Some the same artificial intelligence techniques used in the Google DeepMind Challenge to defeat a grandmaster in the board gameSome the same artificial http://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/outdoors/landscaping/the-essential-steps-to-landscape-design-pictures intelligence techniques used in the Google DeepMind Challenge to defeat a grandmaster in the board game Go can be adapted for medical uses

Predictive analytics

AI is better known in Sprinkler System Installation the tech field for uses such as autonomous driving, or defeating experts in the board game Go.

But it can also be used to glean new insights from existing data such as electronic health records and lab tests, says Narges Razavian, a professor at New York University's Langone School of Medicine who led a research project on predictive analytics for more than 100 medical conditions.

"Our work is looking at trends and trying to predict (disease) six months into the future, to be able to act before things get worse," Razavian said.

-- NYU researchers analyzed medical and lab records to accurately predict the onset of dozens of diseases and conditions including type 2 diabetes, heart or kidney failure and stroke. The project developed software now used at NYU which may be deployed at other medical facilities.

-- Google's DeepMind division is using artificial intelligence to help doctors analyze tissue sampl es to determine the likelihood that breast and other cancers will spread, and develop the best radiotherapy treatments.

-- Microsoft, Intel and other tech giants are also working with researchers to sort through data with AI to better understand and treat lung, breast and other types of cancer.

-- Google parent Alphabet's life sciences unit Verily has joined Apple in releasing a smartwatch for studies including one to identify patterns in the progression of Parkinson's disease. Amazon meanwhile offers medical advice through applications on its voice-activated artificial assistant Alexa.

IBM has been focusing on these issues with its Watson Health unit, which uses "cognitive computing" to help understand cancer and other diseases.

When IBM's Watson computing system won the TV game show Jeopardy in 2011, "there were a lot of folks in health care who said that is the same process doctors use when they try to understand health care," said Anil Jain, chief med ical officer of Watson Health.

Watson Health, whose Cambridge, Massachusetts office is shown in this photo, is also part of the artificial intelligence health Watson Health, whose Cambridge, Massachusetts office is shown in this photo, is also part of the artificial intelligence health movement

Systems like Watson, he said, "are able to connect all the disparate pieces of information" from medical journals and other sources "in a much more accelerated way."

"Cognitive computing may not find a cure on day one, but it can help understand people's behavior and habits" and their impact on disease, Jain said.

It's not just major tech companies moving into health.

Research firm CB Insights this year identified 106 digital health startups applying machine learning and predictive analytics "to reduce drug discovery times, provide virtual assistance to patien ts, and diagnose ailments by processing medical images."

Maryland-based startup Insilico Medicine uses so-called "deep learning" to shorten drug testing and approval times, down from the current 10 to 15 years.

"We can take 10,000 compounds and narrow that down to 10 to find the most promising ones," said Insilico's Qingsong Zhu.



Insilico is working on drugs for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), cancer and age-related diseases, aiming to develop personalized treatments.

Finding depression

Artificial intelligence is also incr easingly seen as a means for detecting depression and other mental illnesses, by spotting patterns that may not be obvious, even to professionals.

A research paper by Florida State University's Jessica Ribeiro found it can predict with 80 to 90 percent accuracy whether someone will attempt suicide as far off as two years into the future.

IBM is using its Watson supercomputer, seen in this file picture, as part of a broad effort to help medical research and health IBM is using its Watson supercomputer, seen in this file picture, as part of a broad effort to help medical research and health care through its Watson Health division

Facebook uses AI as part of a test project to prevent suicides by analyzing social network posts.

And San Francisco's Woebot Labs this month debuted on Facebook Messenger what it dubs the first chatbot offering "cognitive behavioral therapy" online--partly as a way to reach people wary of the social stigma of seeking mental health care.

New technologies are also offering hope for rare diseases.

Boston-based startup FDNA uses facial recognition technology matched against a database associated with over 8,000 rare diseases and genetic disorders, sharing data and insights with medical centers in 129 countries via its Face2Gene application.

Cautious optimism

Lynda Chin, vice chancellor and chief innovation officer at the University of Texas System, said she sees "a lot of excitement around these tools" but that technology alone is unlikely to translate into wide-scale health benefits.

One problem, Chin said, is that data from sources as disparate as medical records and Fitbits is difficult to access due to privacy and other regulations.



More important, she said, is integrating data in health care delivery where doctors may be unaware of what's available or how to use new tools.

"Just having the analytics and data get you to step one," said Chin. "It's not just about putting an app on the app store."

Explore further:Artificial intelligence predicts patient lifespans

429 sharesfeedbackfeedback to editors

(C) 2017 AFP

https://phys.org/news/2017-06-artificial-intelligence-health-revolution.html

Irrigation sprinkler

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



impact sprinkler head in action

Irrigation sprinklers are sprinklers providing irrigation to agriculture, crops, vegetation, or for recreation, as a cooling system, or for the control of airborne dust, landscaping and golf courses. The sprinkler system irrigates the field and thus it is widely used in sandy areas as it checks the wastage of water through seepage and evaporation. Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrig ation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. The pump supply system, sprinklers and operating conditions must be designed to enable a uniform application of water.

Contents

1 Types

1.1 Industrial

1.2 Residential

1.3 Underground Sprinkler

1.4 Agricultural http://www.rmlandscape2.com/ Science

2 Use

3 Health risks from aerosols

4 Gallery

5 See also

6 References

7 External links

Types

Industrial

Sprinklers that spray in a fixed pattern are generally called sprays or spray heads. Sprays are not usually designed to operate at pressures , due to misting problems that may develop.

Higher pressure sprinklers that themselves move in a circle are drive n by a ball drive, gear drive, or impact mechanism (impact sprinklers). These can be designed to rotate in a full or partial circle.

Rainguns are similar to impact sprinkler, except that they generally operate at very high pressures of 40 to 130lbf/in (275 to 900 kPa) and flows of 50 to 1200 US gal/min (3 to 76 L/s), usually with nozzle diameters in the range of 0.5 to 1.9inches (10 to 50mm). In addition to irrigation, guns are used for industrial applications such as dust suppression and logging.

Many irrigation sprinklers are buried in the ground along with their supporting plumbing, although above ground and moving sprinklers are also common. Most irrigation sprinklers operate through electric and hydraulic technology and are grouped together in zones that can be collectively turned on and off by actuating a solenoid-controlled valve.

Residential



An oscillating sprinkler is commonly used to water residential lawns, and is moved as needed.

Home lawn sprinklers vary widely in their size, cost, and complexity. They include impact sprinklers, oscillating sprinklers, drip sprinklers, and underground sprinkler systems. Small sprinklers are available at home and garden stores or hardware stores for small costs. These are often attached to an outdoor water faucet and are placed only temporarily. Other systems may be professionally installed permanently in the ground and are attached permanently to a home's pl umbing system. An ingenious domestic sprinkler made by Nomad called a 'set-and-forget tractor sprinkler' was used in Australia in the 1950s. Water pressure ensured that the sprinkler slowly moved across a lawn.[1]

Permanently installed systems may often operate on timers or other automated processes. They are occasionally installed with retractable heads for aesthetic and practical reasons (making damage during lawn mowing or other maintenance less likely). These often are programmed to operate on a schedule and irrigate a piece of land in zones.[2]

Underground Sprinkler

Underground sprinklers function through means of basic electronic and hydraulic technology. This valve and all of the sprinklers that will be activated by this valve are known as a zone. Upon activation, the solenoid, which sits on top of the valve is magnetized lifting a small stainless steel plunger in its center. By doing this, the activated (or raised) plunger allows air to escape from the t op of a rubber diaphragm located in the center of the valve. Water that has been charged and waiting on the bottom of this same diaphragm now has the higher pressure and lifts the diaphragm. This pressurized water is then allowed to escape down stream of the valve through a series of pipes, usually made of PVC (higher pressure commercial systems) or polyethylene pipe (for typically lower pressure residential systems). At the end of these pipes and flush to ground level (typically) are pre measured and spaced out sprinklers. These sprinklers can be fixed spray heads that have a set pattern and generally spray between 1.5-2m (7-15ft.), full rotating sprinklers that can spray a broken stream of water from 6-12m (20-40ft.), or small drip emitters that release a slow, steady drip of water on more delicate plants such as flowers and shrubs. use of indigenous materials also recommended.[3]

Agricultural Science

Center pivot irrigation sprinkler nozzles, used in crop irrigation



Rotator style pivot applicator sprinkler



End Gun style pivot applicator sprinkler

The first use of sprinklers by farmers was some form of home and golf course type sprinklers. These ad hoc systems, while doing the job of the buried pipes and fixed sprinkler heads, interfered with cultivation and were expensive to maintain. In the 1950s a firm based in Portland, Oregon Stout-Wyss Irrigation System, developed the rolling pipe type irrigation system for farms that has become the most popular type for farmers irrigating large fields. With this system large wheels attached to the large pipes with sprinkler heads move slowly across the field.[4]

Use

Most irrigation sprinklers are used as part of a sprinkler system, consisting of various plumbing parts, pump unit,[5] piping and control equipment. Outdoor sprinkler systems are sometimes used as a deterrent against homeless people. This sprinkler system was programmed to drench unsuspecting sleepers at random times during the night. Local businessmen soon copied this system in an effort to drive homeless people away from public sidewalks adjacent to their businesses.[6]

Health risks from aerosols

In 2014, it was reported that use of common garden hoses in combination with spray nozzles may generate aerosols containing droplets smaller than 10 ?m, which can be inhaled by nearby people. Water stagnating in a hose between uses, especially when warmed by the sun, can host the growth and interaction of Legionella and free-living amoebae (FLA) as biofilms on the inner surface of the hose. Clinical cases of Legionnaires' disease or Pontiac fever have been found to be associated with inhalation of garden hose aerosols containing Legionella bacteria. The report provides measured microbial densities resulting from controlled hose conditions in order to quantify the human health risks. The densities of Legionella spp. identified in two types of hoses were found to be similar to those reported during legionellosis outbreaks from other causes. It is proposed that the risk could be mitigated by dra ining hoses after use.[7]

Gallery



An underground sprinkler system about to be installed



Irrigation sprinkler watering crops.



An Irrigation sprinkler watering a garden.gifhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nfNmypOk45k 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/An_Irrigation_sprinkler_watering_a_garden.gif/240px-An_Irrigation_sprinkler_watering_a_garden.gif 2x" data-file-width="640" data-file-height="480"/>



Irrigation sprinkler



An oscillating sprinkler watering a lawn



A overhead sprinkler



Sprinkler for children

File:Irrigation sprinkler in action.webmPlay media

An irrigation sprinkler in action



Crop sprinklers near Rio Vista, California

See also

Drip irrigation

Irrigation

Sprinkler system timer

References

^ The Ride family's 'Nomad' brand tractor lawn sprinkler, National Museum o f Australia

^ Sprinkler 101

^ Howser, Huell (November 8, 2010). "Rainbird - California's Gold (12002)". California's Gold. Chapman University Huell https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nfNmypOk45k Howser Archive.

^ Irrigation Pipe On Wheels Move Across Fields, July 1950 Popular Science, bottom of page 114

^ "CHAPTER 5. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION". www.fao.org. Retrieved 2016-08-26.

^ Davis, Mike (2006). City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles. London: Verso. p.233. ISBN978-1-84467-568-5.

^ Thomas, Jacqueline M.; Thomas, Torsten; Stuetz, Richard M.; Ashbolt, Nicholas J. (2014). "Your Garden Hose: A Potential Health Risk Due toLegionellaspp. Growth Facilitated by Free-Living Amoebae". Environmental Science & Technology. 48 (17): 10456-10464. ISSN0013-936X. doi:10.1021/es502652n.

External links

The dictionary definition of irrigation sprinkler at Wiktionary

Media related to Irrigation sprinkler at Wikimedia Commons

v

t

e

Garden tools

Averruncator

Axe

Chainsaw

Cultivat or

Daisy grubber

Dibber

Earth auger

Edger

Garden fork

Garden hose

Grass shears

Grass stitcher

Hedge trimmer

Hoe

Hori hori

Irrigation sprinkler

Lawn aerator

Lawn mower

Lawn sweeper

Leaf blower

Loppers

Machete

Mattock

Pickaxe

Pitchfork

Plough (plow)

Post hole digger

Potting bench

Pruning shears (secateurs)

Rake

Riddle

Rotary tiller

Scythe

Shovel

Sickle

Spade

String trimmer

Trowel

Watering can

Weeder

Wheelbarrow

v

t

e

Hydroculture

Types

Aeroponics

Aquaponics

Aquascaping

Hydroponics

passive

Subtypes

Aquatic garden

Bottle garden

Deep water culture

Ebb and flow

Fogponics

Microponics

Nutrient film technique
< br>Organic hydroponics

Organopnicos

Sub-irrigated planter

Top drip

Substrates

Charcoal

Coco peat

Diatomaceous earth

Expanded clay aggregate

Gravel

Growstones

Lava rock

Mineral wool

Perlite

Pumice

Rice hulls

Sand

Vermiculite

Wood fibre

Accessories

Grow light

Hydroponic dosers

Irrigation sprinkler

Leaf sensor

Net-pot

Spray nozzle

Timers

Ultrasonic hydroponic fogger

Water chiller

Related concepts

Algaculture

Aquaculture of coral

Aquaculture of sea sponges

Controlled-environment agriculture

Historical hydroculture

Hydroponicum

Paludarium

Plant nutrition

Plant propagation

Rhizosphere

Root rot

Vertical farming

Water aeration

Commons pageCommons

Wikibooks pageWikibooks

Wikiversity pageWikiversity



Authority control

NDL: 00571727



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